Christmas Cove Farm

Some Antique Apple Varieties

Antique Apples come in many varieties. The following list samples just a few. A history brochure accompanies each gift box.

WINTER BANANA

Origin: 1876, Cass County, Indiana. It is possible the first fruit was brought to the New World from Holland. This apple has excellent dessert quality; it is a beauty for centerpieces and table decorations. We consider this apple to be a prize winner.
SNOW APPLE OR FAMEUSE

Origin: Introduced to the United States via Canada in 1739; however, this variety originated in France in the 1600's. It is one of the oldest varieties on record. The flesh is pure white giving it the name of SNOW APPLE. It is an ancestor to the McINTOSH variety.
SPITZENBURG

Origin: 1700's, New York State. This fruit is orange with gray spots. The flesh is rich, crisp, and juicy. It was used as a standard of excellence, and is one of the finest eating apples and choice dessert fruit. This is stated to be the favorite apple of THOMAS JEFFERSON. He raised them at Monticello. It was praised as the most tasty apple in the world. This apple is a treat for your palate.
GRAVENSTEIN

Origin: Possibly 1700's or earlier, Germany. Derived its name from being found in the garden of the castle of the Duke of Austinberg at Grafenstein. A firm, juicy and tender apple, Gravenstein was at one time considered unexcelled as a culinary variety.
HOLSTEIN

Origin: 1918 Hamburg, Germany. Holstein is an open-pollinated seedling of Cox Orange Pippin. It is a medium size, somewhat russeted, deep yellow fruit with a reddish-orange blush. Very juicy and aromatic with intense flavor.
HUBBARDSTON

Origin: Sometime before 1832, in Hubbardston, Massachussetts. An excellent dessert apple that at one time was widely planted and considered a good commercial variety. It varies a lot in size, color and shape, depending on growing conditions.
RAMBO

Origin: 1500's, France. A large attractive apple that has been popular in America since Colonial times. A highly desirable dessert apple with fine, crisp juicy flesh.
MAIDEN BLUSH

Origin: 1817, New Jersey. One of America's oldest and most beautiful apples, it was at one time widely and successfully grown all over the country. Maiden Blush typically has a smooth lemon-yellow skin with a bright red blush, making it a very attractive looking apple. It has a unique flattened oval shape. It is considered to be one of the best varieties for drying, but is a good fresh eating and cooking apple as well.
PECK PLEASANT

Origin: Widely cultivated throughout the northeast by 1845, thought to have originated in Rhode Island in the 1700's. At one time this apple was a very popular variety for the home use. It was esteemed as an eating apple rather than for culinary uses. It has several drawbacks for commercial growers, and was declining in popularity with them by the 1890's.
RHODE ISLAND GREENING

Origin: 1650, Rhode Island. With a long and illustrious history this apple was considered the finest cooking variety for over 200 years. At the turn of the century it was the second most important commercial variety in the country, after Baldwin. It is supposed to have originated as a chance seedling outside a tavern in the town of Green's End, near Newport, Rhode Island. It was often called simply the "apple from Green's End, Rhode Island" by travellers who stayed at the inn and spread its fame around colonial New England.
STRAWBERRY CHENANGO

Origin: 1850 New York or Connecticut. The Strawberry has firm, tender, juicy flesh. The flavor has a hint of strawberries, and the apple is aromatic. It is not certain whether it originated in New York's Chenango County or was brought there from Connecticut. Always a favorite in the farm market.
SWEET BOUGH

Origin: before 1817, American. A very old variety of uncertain origin, Sweet Bough has long been a favorite for home use. Sweet and tender, at its best it has no equal.
WINESAP

before 1817, New Jersey(?) Winesap is one of the oldest and most popular American apples. First described in 1817 as "the most valued cider fruit in New Jersey", it may be much older than that. As late as 1942 it was the second most popular apple in the country. Hard and tart with a beautiful deep red coloration and symmetrical shape, Winesap is a great old time favorite for eating and cider making.
Photographs on this page taken by Mike Berst at Kilcherman's Christmas Cove Farm, 1998, 1999, and 2000.

Used with permission. Copyright: Apple Journal
"A Passion for Apples"