|At A Glance
||variously believed: Kentucky, Tennesee, or
"The origin of this apple will probably
never be definitely known. It has been variously credited to Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. It is supposed to have
originated about the beginning of the last century. This view is supported by the fact that before the Civil War it had
spread throughout the states just mentioned, and following the routes of migration had been carried into Southern
Indiana, Illinois and pretty generally disseminated throughout Missouri and Arkansas. Downing does not mention it in his
first edition, but it is describe in the first revision of his book on The Fruits and Fruit Trees of America. Warder
refer to it as a comparatively new sort in Ohio and the Northwest but common in the South and southwest. During the last
quarter century it has been disseminated extensively through all the apple-growing portions of the United States.
"Tree medium in size, rather
rank-growing, especially when young, forming coarse strong wood which seldom breaks under heavy crops; branches strong,
with numerous rather short laterals and spurs, often inclined to bend or droop. Form upright becoming roundish,
and in old trees rather spreading. Twigs long or very long, straight, or slightly curved, moderately stout;
internodes long. Bark bright, rather dark brownish-red, continuously mottled with fine, tin scarf-skin,
pubescent. Lenticels scattering, round, sometimes oblong, raised, of a clear straw color, moderately conspicuous.
Buds medium to large or broad, obtuse, appressed, sunken in the bark, very sparingly pubescent. Leaves
large, long, rather broad.
"Fruit usually above medium to
large. Form roundish, varying from somewhat conic to somewhat oblong, broad, rounded at the base, often somewhat
elliptical or slightly irregular, sides sometimes unequal; pretty uniform in shape and in size. Stem medium to
long, rather slender. Cavity acute, moderately deep to deep, of medium width, nearly symmetrical, often partly
russeted or with outspreading rays of thin greenish russet. Calyx medium, closed or sometimes partly open; lobes
rather short, of medium width, acute. Basin abrupt, medium in width and depth, varying to shallow and narrow and
rather obtuse, sometimes furrowed, usually oblique.
"Skin tough, waxy, bright, smooth,
usually glossy, clear yellow or greenish, mottled and washed with bright red, striped and splashed with bright dark
carmine. Dots inconspicuous, small, scattering, light, whitish or brown. Prevailing effect bright deep red
or red striped.
"Calyx tube varies from short and
cone-shaped to rather wide and funnel-form with rather long cylinder and frequently with fleshy projection of pistil
point to its base. Stamens median to marginal.
"Core medium, axile, closed or
partly open; core lines clasping when the tube is funnel-form, meeting or slightly clasping when it is cone-shaped. Carpels
rather flat, roundish or inclined to obovate, very emarginate, mucronate. Seeds large, long, irregular, rather
wide, plump, acute, dark brown.
"Flesh whitish, slightly tinged
with yellow, firm, moderately coarse, not very crisp, somewhat aromatic, juicy, mildly subacid, good.
"Season January to June."